The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The EU is New Zealand`s second largest trading partner. In 2019, the volume of trade amounted to more than 9 billion euros. Agricultural products account for the largest share of New Zealand`s exports to the EU, while the EU mainly exports finished and industrial products to New Zealand. In 2019, Germany`s trade surplus with New Zealand amounted to 2.7 billion euros and EU companies accounted for more than 10 billion euros of foreign direct investment in New Zealand. The European Union has free trade agreements  and other agreements with a trade component with many countries around the world and negotiates with many other countries.  No new trade agreement can begin until the transition is completed. Brexit: UK trade “difficult if the Irish border is not resolved” Countries with rules of origin under the EMP agreement A free trade agreement between the EU and India can help remove existing barriers and give new impetus to our bilateral cooperation. India`s population is the second largest in the world, making it a very important trading partner for German companies. However, the federal government and the European Commission insist that any agreement must be comprehensive and ambitious. While negotiations for a free trade agreement began as early as 2007, sharp differences in the expectations of both sides have brought the talks to a standstill since 2012.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an example of a multilateral agreement. The WTO is a global group of members that promotes and manages free trade. The WTO is looking at ongoing negotiations on new trade agreements, dispute settlement and the implementation of global trade agreements. While a member of the EU, the UK was automatically part of some 40 trade agreements that the EU has concluded with more than 70 countries. In 2018, these activities accounted for about 11% of total trade in the UK. The EU insists that the UK must respect these rules precisely enough – so that British businesses have no advantage – but the UK government says it wants the freedom to move away. The development of multilateral trade relations is a priority for both Germany and the European Union. The EU`s position on bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) has developed since 2007 in light of bilateral free trade agreements concluded by some of Europe`s key trading partners (including the US and Japan) that could compromise the competitiveness of European companies in world markets. The new generation of free trade agreements that the EU intends to conclude with other countries is broad and covers a wide range of aspects.
These agreements deal not only with the issue of tariffs (for example. B, tariffs, export subsidies), but also rules on services, the removal of non-tariff barriers and other trade-related aspects, such as investment and competition. Since the scope of these agreements goes beyond the WTO agenda, they are often referred to as “WTO agreements.” This designation does not affect the status position and is consistent with UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99 and the ICJ`s opinion on Kosovo`s declaration of independence. Of course, this clear division does not mean that the ratification of free trade agreements lacks democratic legitimacy. Responsibility for trade policy rests with the EU; since the Lisbon Treaty, trade agreements must be ratified by the European Parliament. Nevertheless, Member States` parliaments should be informed in a timely and comprehensive manner of negotiations on free trade agreements in order to allow for a well-informed public debate. A transparent negotiation process also includes the publication of the European Commission`s negotiating mandates.