The obstacles to peace are enormous. All attempts to evacuate them failed, especially the Camp David summit in July 2000. Since the 1991 Madrid Conference, the mother of all peace conferences on West Asia, a US-backed peace process has been underway. Direct peace negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians, with or without American peace officials, are therefore not new. In the words of an American, it`s still seen. The current negotiators will have to find solutions to all the deeply sensitive issues at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, known as sustainable status issues. These include the right of return of Palestinian refugees in 1948, the status of Jerusalem, the future of Jewish settlements in the West Bank and the borders of Palestinian unity. Lebanon`s mountains are drained by seasonal rivers and rivers, including the 145 kilometres long of Leontes, which flows into the Beqaa Valley, west of Baalbek, and flows into the Mediterranean north of Tyre.  In Lebanon, there are 16 rivers that are not passable; Thirteen rivers come from Lebanon and cross the steep gorges and the Mediterranean, the other three form in the Beqaa Valley.  Since Herodotus, a minority of geographers have rejected the system of the three continents (Europe, Africa, Asia) on the grounds that there was no substantial physical separation between them.  Sir Barry Cunliffe, emeritus professor of European archaeology at Oxford, argues, for example, that, geographically and culturally, Europe has been only “the western drift of the Asian continent”.  The defeats of the Islamic caliphate against the Byzantine and Persian empires led to Western Asia and the southern parts of Central Asia and western parts of South Asia during its 7th century conquests. The Mongol Empire conquered much of Asia in the 13th century, a territory that stretched from China to Europe.
Before the Mongol invasion, the Song Dynasty had about 120 million inhabitants; the 1300 census that followed the invasion brought in about 60 million people.  Some of them are women held in slavery (as shown in a study of society that derives from the content). They were used in trades such as fabric manufacturing and usually came with children. The nickname lawiaiai, “prisoners,” who are associated with some of them, identifies their origin. Some are ethnic names. In particular, one, aswiai, identifies “Asian women.”  Perhaps they were captured in Asia, but some others, Milatiai, appear to have been from Milet, a Greek colony that would not have been invaded by the Greeks for slaves.